A UN report has warned that “vast areas of impunity” remain globally for people traffickers, with victims subjected to crimes ranging from sexual exploitation to organ removal.
Despite a recent trend towards more people trafficking convictions in many African and Middle Eastern countries, the report from the UN Office and Drugs and Crime (UNODC) pointed out that “the total numbers in these areas remain very low.”
It cites research saying that in some cases there is evidence of traffickers colluding “with medical professionals, relying on corrupt and fraudulent practices.”
Perpetrators of this form of trafficking take advantage of “severe levels of vulnerability,” the UNODC says, with a prime example being people in refugee camps who are recruited “with false promises of receiving payments and/or transport to safer locations.”
However, trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation was by far the most common form found in the data compiled by the report, accounting for 59 percent of victims detected in 2016.
The UNODC underlined the role of groups involved in various armed conflicts in using human trafficking “to finance activities or increase their workforce,” as well as for sexual slavery.
It highlighted the case of the thousands of girls and women from the Yazidi minority enslaved by the so-called Islamic State group in Iraq.
One of them, Nadia Murad, was one of the winners of the Nobel Peace Prize last year in recognition of her activism on behalf of other victims.
The UNODC said the overwhelming number of detected victims of trafficking globally were female, with just under half being adult women. A further 23 percent were girls and the report warns that their share of the total is increasing.
After sexual exploitation, the next most common reason for trafficking was forced labor, accounting for a third of victims covered by the data and especially prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. A number of other patterns are also mentioned, such as trafficking for forced marriage, more commonly detected in Southeast Asia.
The total number of victims reported to the UNODC in 2016 stood at just under 25,000, an increase of more than 10,000 since 2011, with increases “more pronounced in the Americas and in Asia