Five years after Islamic State (ISIS) militants launched aÂ genocide against the Ezidi community in Sinjar, northern Iraq, More than 2700 women are missing to this day, hundreds of thousands of Ezidies are still displaced and living in harsh conditions in north Iraq, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
On November 29, 2019, the Portuguese Parliament has voted and acknowledged that what happened to the Ezidies in Iraq by Islamic State (ISIS) is a genocide.
The Estoril Conferences together with Yazda issue a joint statement that the Portuguese Parliament vote on the recognition of the Ezidi people genocide committed by Daesh on November 29, 2019.
TheÂ ISIS attacksÂ that began onÂ 3 August 2014Â resulted in thousands being killed: the United Nations estimates that 5,000 Ezidi men died in the massacre. Ezidi men who refused to convert to Islam were executed and dumped in mass graves; many boys were forced to become child soldiers. An estimated 7,000 Ezidi women and girls, some as young as nine, were enslaved and forcibly transferred to locations in Iraq and eastern Syria. Held in sexual slavery, survivors reported being repeatedly sold, gifted, or passed around among ISIS fighters.
These atrocities were recognised as genocide by the United Nations in 2016. So many Ezidies went missing that the enslavement of women did not immediately come to international attention.
TheÂ European Union, Canada, United States, France and United Kingdom, including the Scottish national parliament, Australian Parlament, the Armenian ParliamentÂ have all recognized that the crimes committed by ISIS against the Ezidies constitute to genocide. “The world has recognized what happened in Sinjar as genocide, this recognition should be translated into actions that protect Ezidies and help them return to their homes”. Reported by Yazda NGO